The legendary “Mountains of the Moon”, described as such by Ptolemy in AD150, reach an elevation of 5,109m and are among Africa’s three Africa's highest mountain ranges. Many hikers confess that the Rwenzoris are the most challenging of all of Africa’s mountains.
The park is the eastern extension of the vast Ituri Forest, forming part of the forest continuum from the Congo, the richest area for both flora and fauna in Africa. This reserve is also a rich mosaic of grassland and wetland habitats.
Located in the south-western corner of Uganda, 10 km south of Kisoro town, it borders the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west and Rwanda to the south. The park covers the northern slopes of Mt. Muhavura (4,127 m), Mgahinga (3,474 m), and Sabyinyo (3,645 m).
This park lies astride extensive acacia woodland savannah that is the only such one in Uganda and is host to some rare species endemic to it alone – for example, the gigantic eland, antelope, zebra, topi, impala, plus over 68 other mammal species.
Tucked in the extreme north-eastern corner of Uganda, it has been said of this park: “It does not get more remote than here”. Its 1,442 square kilometers of pure remote African wilderness harbour scenery unsurpassed in any other park in East Africa.
The Kibale Park is home to a remarkable 13 primate species, including the very localised red colobus and L'Hoest's monkey (endemic to this forest alone). Chimpanzee tracking, however, is the most common activity in the park, with tracking schedules in the morning and afternoon.
The slopes of Mount Elgon, the fourth highest mountain in East Africa, support a rich variety of altitudinal vegetation zones, ranging from montane forest to high open moorland, studded with the other-worldly giant lobelia and groundsel plants.
Lying partly in the East African Rift Valley and in the shadow of the lofty Rwenzori Mountain ranges, this park boasts of a remarkable over 1,000 mammal species and 606 species of birds, some of which are migrant from Europe and South Asia.
“Bwindi” is the word for “impenetrable” in the local dialect. It is the name of a verdant forest to be found on part of the great ridges and escarpment of the East African Albertine Rift Valley.
Murchison Falls is Uganda’s largest park and has one of the densest populations of game. The fact that part of the River Nile and Lake Albert are to be found here is one of the reasons for the thick and thriving flora.