The slopes of Mount Elgon, the fourth highest mountain in East Africa,  support a rich variety of altitudinal vegetation zones, ranging from montane forest to high open moorland, studded with the other-worldly giant lobelia and groundsel plants. The challenging steep and mild undulating slopes yield immensely spectacular scenery for hikers. Hiking being the most rewarding experience in this mountain park, trails have been developed, some for a day’s walk and others for 4 to 5 days. The latter trails reach the Wagagai peak, which is the highest on this mountain. The trails also take you to spectacular caves, some with ancient paintings and healing hot springs.
On the slopes are different wildlife zones for forest monkeys and antelope, elephants and buffaloes. There are also over 300 bird species, with rare birds not found anywhere else in Uganda.